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:: Volume 7, Issue 1 And 2 (8-2010) ::
Mod Care J 2010, 7(1 And 2): 5-11 Back to browse issues page
Comparisons of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among women and men
T Kazemy , Gh.R Sharifzadeh
Instructor Birjand University of Medical Sciences , REZAMOOD@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7993 Views)

  Background and Aim: Since Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in developed and developing societies, as well as its significant difference of epidemiologic status in men and women, the current study was carried out to assess AMI in Birjand city within 10 years.

  Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, we reviewed all the records in medical charts and administrative files of hospitalized patients due to AMI from 1994-2004 in Birjand. Data were collected through a devised questionnaire by two educated nurses and the supervision of a cardiologist. Then data were analyzed with SPSS software using t test and chi square (α=0.05).

  Results: Out of 918 patients, 71.9% were male (M) and 28.1% were female (F). The women were older than men, a statistically significant estimate (mean age: 65.62±10.56 in female, 58.98±12.11 in male). Two risk factors were more common in women: hypertension (50% in F, 24.6% in M, P<0.001) and diabetes (17% in F, 9.8% in M, P=0.002). But smoking was higher in men (13.7% in M, 36.3% in M, P<0.001). In-hospital mortality was higher in women but not significantly. (10.4% in F, 8.6% in M, P=0.42). The mean of fasting blood sugar (FBS), cholesterol (Chol), triglyceride (TG), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were higher in women but only FBS, Chol and DBP were significantly higher than men (P<0.01).

  Conclusion: Women have worse prognosis than men after an AMI. This may be explained by older age and the higher incidence of diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension in women.

Keywords: Acute myocardial infarction, Gender, Birjand
Full-Text [PDF 202 kb]   (1019 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Systematic Review |
Received: 2012/09/25 | Accepted: 2012/10/15
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Kazemy T, Sharifzadeh G. Comparisons of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among women and men . Mod Care J. 2010; 7 (1 and 2) :5-11
URL: http://moderncare.bums.ac.ir/article-1-91-en.html


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