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:: Volume 7, Issue 3 And 4 (2-2011) ::
Mod Care J 2011, 7(3 And 4): 28-33 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of Toxoplasmosis in women in pre-marriage stage in Birjand
M.H Namaei , R . Hanafi Bojd , F Zojaji , S Shafie
Birjand University of Medical Sciences , razieh_hb@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7547 Views)

  Background : Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan that causes severe infections in humans and animals. This study investigated the prevalence of toxoplasmosis infection in women in pre marriage stage in Birjand.

  Methods : This cross-sectional study was done in 2008. By randomized-simple sampling, we evaluated the anti Toxoplasma antibody (total antibody) titer in 300 women in pre marriage stage referred to provincial health office in Birjand. Total antibody against Toxoplasma gondii in serums of participants was measured, using ELISA method. Antibody titer above 20 IU/ml was considered positive. To investigate factors associated with infestation, a self-made questionnaire was used. Statistical analysis was performed using the spss software program, v. 11 and logistic regression test (α=0.05).

  Results : The mean age of participants was 21.7 ±4 years with a minimum of 14 and maximum 30 years and most of them (68.7%) were living in urban areas. Majority of participants were students (51.2%) and housewives were in the next rank (25.8%). 37of the total participants (12.33%) were seropositive. We found a significant relationship between consumption of soft-boiled egg and antibody titer against Toxoplasma gondii (P=0.035). No significant relationship between antibody titer against Toxoplasma and age, residence, occupation, history of consumption of non-industrial produced eggs as well as uncooked vegetables was found.

  Conclusion : As there is significant relationship between Toxoplasma infection and consumption of soft-boiled eggs, training the families in the prevention of toxoplasmosis infection is recommended.

Keywords: Toxoplasma, Birjand, Women in pre marriage
Full-Text [PDF 192 kb]   (1121 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Systematic Review |
Received: 2012/09/25 | Accepted: 2012/10/15
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Namaei M, . Hanafi Bojd R, Zojaji F, Shafie S. Prevalence of Toxoplasmosis in women in pre-marriage stage in Birjand. Mod Care J. 2011; 7 (3 and 4) :28-33
URL: http://moderncare.bums.ac.ir/article-1-83-en.html


Volume 7, Issue 3 And 4 (2-2011) Back to browse issues page
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