Background and Aim: In recent years, cases of professional neglect, in which physicians and nurses have Deen taken as defendants, have increased considerably. It is caused by rise-in costs and more attention of patients to their own rights in hospitals. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine the observance of the patient's right as viewed by hospitalized patients in educational hospitals of Birjand.
Material and method: In this descriptive-analytic study 250 hospitalized patients in two hospitals of Birjand, ValiAsr and ImamReza, were selected by randomize sampling including patients hospitalized for more than three days and discharged during the period of the study (three months). Two hours Defore discharging, the ten-article charter of patient's right was read for the patients and then they were interviewed and completed questionnaire. The questions about the observance of each single article of the charter were measured by Likert three-point scale (high, moderate and low) and the score, after rating, were analyzed by using descriptive statistics tests.
Result: most of patients were between 21 and 30 years old, married, illiterate housewives and resident in urban areas. 41.6% of them have previous hospitalization record observance of the charter at the rate of high, moderate and low that had the most frequency were as follows: for article one (76%), for article 5(40%) and for article 4(45%). For all the articles of the charter, 36% of the patients believed that rate of observance was low , 56.4% moderate , and 40% high . The rates of observance of each article of patient's rights are presented in the main context of the paper. There was a significant relationship between observance of the charter of patieht's rights and variables of age, gender and previous hospitalization record.
Conclusion: Implementing and ensuring the charter of patient's rights require comprehensive and integrated activities of personnel, In addition, approving exact laws and regulations, proper sanction, promoting health worker's knowledge about extent of law support must be regarded too.