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:: Volume 11, Issue 2 (9-2014) ::
Mod Care J 2014, 11(2): 112-118 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of teaching relationship enhancement on self–esteem, anxiety, depression, and stress in working women
N.Kh . Rahimi , M.R Miri , Gh. R. Sharifzadeh
Department of Epidemology, Faculty of Health, Member of Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran , rezamood@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3778 Views)

  Background and Aim: Relationship is among the first and highest human achievements which paves the way for human social life. An important mission of the humankind is to develop and maintain interpersonal relationships. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of training relationship enhancement on stress, anxiety, depression, and self–esteem of working women.

  Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test, 30 working women from Qayen, South Khorasan, were the participants. The participants were initially asked to fill out DASS questionnaire (21 items) and Cooper-Smith’s Self-esteem Inventory. After taking the pretest, they attended eight training sessions on relationship enhancement skills. At the end of the last session, the participants were asked again to fill out DASS questionnaire and Cooper-Smith’s Self-esteem Inventory. The data were analyzed in SPSS (version 13) using Wilcoxon and paired t-test at 0.05.

  Results: Results indicate that self-esteem mean score increased significantly after the intervention (P<0.001), while that of stress, anxiety, and depression decreased significantly (P<0.001).

  Conclusion: Teaching relationship enhancement skills helps to reduce stress, anxiety, and depression but increases self-esteem among working women. As a result, these trainings need to be taken into account by psychologists and family counselors so as to reduce and prevent psychological disorders and harms to individuals and families.

Keywords: Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Working Women, Self-Esteem, Relationship Enhancement
Full-Text [PDF 493 kb]   (1160 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Experimental | Subject: Clinical Psychology
Received: 2013/06/15 | Accepted: 2014/07/28 | Published: 2014/09/27
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Rahimi N ., Miri M, Sharifzadeh G R. Effectiveness of teaching relationship enhancement on self–esteem, anxiety, depression, and stress in working women. Mod Care J. 2014; 11 (2) :112-118
URL: http://moderncare.bums.ac.ir/article-1-401-en.html

Volume 11, Issue 2 (9-2014) Back to browse issues page
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