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:: Volume 9, Issue 4 (5-2012) ::
Mod Care J 2012, 9(4): 279-284 Back to browse issues page
Effect of relaxation training on stress, anxiety and depression of mothers of mentally retarded girls
Z. Shahriari , M.R. Miri , Gh.R. Sharifzadeh , R. Dastjerdi , M. Valavi
, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran , rezamood@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7295 Views)

  Background and Aim: Chronic stress can cause irritability and mood instability and it is an important factor in increasing anxiety and depression. Regarding the importance of decreasing stress, anxiety, and depression using non-medicinal methods the present study aimed at assessing the effect of teaching relaxation on stress, and anxiety of mothers with educable mentally retarded daughters.

  Materials and Methods: This randomized case-control field study was conducted on 36 mothers with mentally retarded daughters. In the beginning, the questionnaire "Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scales 21" was filled out for all mothers. Then, they were randomly divided into two case and control groups. Relaxation method was theoretically taught to the cases for 5 sessions together with active exercise. The controls received no education. One month after training sessions, the previous questionnaire was completed for both groups again. The obtained data was analyzed by means of SPSS software (V: 13) using statistical tests paired T and independent T at the significant level α=0.05.

  Results: Mean score of stress, anxiety and depression before the intervention in both groups was not significantly different. But, at the end of the fourth week after relaxation training total score of stress, anxiety , and depression decreased from 19.1±10.4 to 14.1±7.6 (P<0.001), from 15.7±9.9 to 11.3±6.9 (P=0.003), from 14.4±10.6 to 9.7±6.5 (P=0.003) respectively. The difference was statistically significant.

  Conclusion: Relaxation training is effective in the reduction of stress, anxiety, and depression of mothers with mentally retarded daughters. Therefore, for reduction and prevention of mental disorders recurrence and damage to the patients and families this kind of training must be focused on more by counselors, staffs of abnormal students' schools, , Anxiety, Depression, Relaxation, Intellectual disabilitymouseover="function anonymous() { msoCommentShow('_anchor_1','_com_1') }" onmouseout="function anonymous() { msoCommentHide('_com_1') }" href="#_msocom_1" name="_msoanchor_1">[استنادی.و1]


Keywords: Relaxation, Stress, Anxiety and Depression educable mental retardation
Full-Text [PDF 224 kb]   (2197 Downloads)    
Type of Study: سایر | Subject: Nursery
Received: 2013/04/27 | Accepted: 2013/04/27 | Published: 2013/12/11
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Shahriari Z, Miri M, Sharifzadeh G, Dastjerdi R, Valavi M. Effect of relaxation training on stress, anxiety and depression of mothers of mentally retarded girls. Mod Care J. 2012; 9 (4) :279-284
URL: http://moderncare.bums.ac.ir/article-1-346-en.html

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