:: Volume 10, Issue 3 (1-2014) ::
Mod Care J 2014, 10(3): 157-164 Back to browse issues page
Effects of cognitive-behavioral stress management on depression, anxiety, and pain control in patients with migraine headaches
Zahra Danae Sij , Mohammad Dehghani Firoozabadi , Gholamreza Sharifzade
Birjand University of Medical Sciences , mdehghani44@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (5397 Views)

  Background and Aim : The migraine headache is of the most common causes of headache, and some psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression, in many cases accompany the headache. Some research results indicate the effectiveness of behavioral psychotherapy in reducing migraine headaches. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of cognitive-behavioral stress management on depression, anxiety, and reduction of migraine headache.

  Materials and Methods : In this clinical trial, 19 women with migraine, whose anxiety and depression had been diagnosed based on DSM IV criteria and Beck's anxiety and depression tests, were provided with cognitive-behavioral stress management for 10 weeks. Beck's tests were used to compare the recovery rate of anxiety and depression. Data were analyzed by SPSS (version 15) using paired T-test, Wilcoxon, and Kruskal-Wallis tests at the significance of p≤0.05.

  Results : In this study, cognitive-behavioral stress management was significantly effective in reducing depression, anxiety (p≤0.001), and migraine headache occurrence (p=0.004), and there was a significant difference between pre- and post-test scores (p≤0.001).

Conclusion: Cognitive-behavioral stress management is effective on depression, anxiety and migraine headache, and can be used in combination with drug therapy.

Keywords: Migraine Headache; Depression, Anxiety; Cognitive-behavioral Stress Management
Full-Text [PDF 479 kb]   (2126 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Experimental | Subject: Neurology
Received: 2013/04/21 | Accepted: 2013/07/1 | Published: 2013/12/24

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Volume 10, Issue 3 (1-2014) Back to browse issues page