:: Volume 9, Issue 4 (5-2012) ::
Mod Care J 2012, 9(4): 301-309 Back to browse issues page
Effect of applying peer group designed education plan on depression of multiple sclerosis patients
A. Dehghani , S. Mohammadkhan Kermanshahi , R Memarian
Tarbiat Modaress University, Tehran, Iran , kerman_s@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (7173 Views)

  Background and Aim: Multiple Sclerosis is one of the most prevalent diseases of the central nervous system that for some reasons, including occurrence during the youth and not having a definite treatment causes depression in patients associated with disability and recurrence. The present study aimed at evaluating impact of peer education on depression in patients with multiple sclerosis in 2011.

  Materials and Methods: In this semi-experimental study, after non- randomized sampling, the selected subjects were randomly assigned into two experimental and control groups. In the beginning, five educational sessions were held for the peer group to prepare them for their job. Then, after the preparation of the peer group, they held six educational sessions for the experimental group during two months. Data collection tools were demographic information, DASS 21, and a self-administered questionnaire. The obtained data was analysed by means of statistical tests c 2 , paired t, and independent t at the significant level P<0.05.

  Results: Independent T did not show a significant difference in the depression score the two groups before intervention whereas after intervention a statistically significant difference was observed (P=0.002). Pair t, too, showed a statistically significant difference in the depression reduction in experimental group after peer group performance (P=0.001). However, no statistically significant difference was seen in the score of the control groups depression.

  Conclusion: Since the Peer group education program caused depression reduction in patients with MS the utilization of this program, as an efficient and cost-effective method is recommended.

 

Keywords: Depression, Multiple Sclerosis, Peer Group, Education
Full-Text [PDF 257 kb]   (1434 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Experimental | Subject: Nursery
Received: 2013/01/4 | Accepted: 2013/03/5 | Published: 2013/12/11


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Volume 9, Issue 4 (5-2012) Back to browse issues page