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:: Volume 10, Issue 4 (3-2014) ::
Mod Care J 2014, 10(4): 272-278 Back to browse issues page
A comparison between the risk of needle stick injuries among nurses in emergency wards and nurses in other wards of hospitals
R Zeighami , J Azimian , M Haghi , B Kaboodi , B Bijani , M Haghi
Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran. , Marjanhaghi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7247 Views)

  Background and Aim : Nursing work in emergency departments is tangled with unbearable hardship and high working pressure as well as an increased risk of occupational injuries. Needle stick injury is among such risks. Incidence of these injuries differs in different hospital wards. This study aimed to determine needle stick injury risks in emergency ward in comparison with other wards of Qazvin hospitals in 2010.

  Materials and Methods: This historical cohort study was done on nursing staff working in Qazvin hospitals. Statistical population included nursing staffs at Qazvin hospitals who were responsible for direct patient care. From among nurses working in the emergency wards, 52 were selected. Control group consisted of 258 nurses who had worked in other wards of the same hospitals. The research instrument was a
self-administered questionnaire. To determine validity and reliability of the Instrument, content validity and test-retest were performed. The collected data was analyzed using Independent t test , Mann-Whitney ,
Chi-Square, Fisher Exact Test, and Logistic Regression through SPSS (version 16) at 0.05.

  Results: Risk of injury in emergency ward was three times more than other wards (p<0.01). The average numbers of beds in emergency wards and in other wards were 24.2 ± .6.7 and 18.1 ± 10.7 respectively. Nonetheless, number of nurses on different shifts in emergency wards , especially in the evening shift , was significantly lower (p<0.05). However, according to logistic regression analysis, the work in emergency ward was an independent risk factor for needle stick injuries (p<0.05).

  Conclusion : The risk of needle stick injuries among nurses in emergency wards is dramatically higher than other wards. It seems that more beds per nurse affects this increased risk. It is proposed that the number of nurses in emergency departments be increased , especially in the evening shift so that the risk of this serious injury may be reduced.


Keywords: Needle Stick Injury, Nurse, Working in the Emergency Department
Full-Text [PDF 516 kb]   (4354 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Cohort Study | Subject: Nursery
Received: 2012/12/15 | Accepted: 2013/08/14 | Published: 2014/04/7
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Zeighami R, Azimian J, Haghi M, Kaboodi B, Bijani B, Haghi M. A comparison between the risk of needle stick injuries among nurses in emergency wards and nurses in other wards of hospitals. Mod Care J. 2014; 10 (4) :272-278
URL: http://moderncare.bums.ac.ir/article-1-218-en.html

Volume 10, Issue 4 (3-2014) Back to browse issues page
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