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:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (7-2013) ::
Mod Care J 2013, 10(1): 34-42 Back to browse issues page
The effect of optimism training on the anxiety and depression of students of psychology at theAzad University of Birjand (2012)
T. JafarTabatabaee , H. Hasan Ahadi , A. Khamesian
PhD student of educational psychology atthe Science and Research Branch of Tehran Islamic Azad University, Tehran , toktamtabatabaee@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7807 Views)

  Background and Aim: Anxiety and depression are among serious problems in humans' lives which are almost observable among all ages and genders. Optimism is considered as a proper solution to decreasing them both. This paper studied the effects of teaching optimism on university students' anxiety and depression.

  Materials and Methods: This study was a semi-empirical one with a pre-test, post-test, and a control group. All bachelor and master students of psychology at Birjand Azad University were voluntarily given Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Beck’s Depression Test. 46 students who had both an anxiety score of above 15 and a depression score of above 18 simultaneously were selected and randomly allocated to 2 experiment and control groups with 23 students in each. Both groups were given positive-negative psychology test. The experiment group received seven 80-minute-long sessions of positive-psychology-training program by the researcher twice a week. The control group received no training. Both groups were later given the post-test. The instrument included Beck’s Anxiety and Depression as well as Seligman’s Optimism-Pessimism. The data were analyzed using SPSS 17, independent t-test, and paired t at α=0.05.

  Results: After teaching optimism, results indicate, the experiment groups’ anxiety scores average decreased from 23/74±10/70 to 11/48±6/51 and that of their depression, from 26/70±12/33 to 8/78±6/61 which is statistically significant (p<0.001). Besides, the study increased people’s optimism from 13.13±2.72 to 15.04±2.96 but had no significant effect on their pessimism.

  Conclusion: According to the results, it seems that teaching optimism helps decrease university students’ anxiety and depression however, the pessimism scores average has not been statistically significant in the experiment group after the intervention. Thus, this educational program can be used in university counseling centers in order to decrease anxiety and depression.


Keywords: optimism training; Anxiety; Depressive; Students
Full-Text [PDF 396 kb]   (2377 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Experimental | Subject: health education
Received: 2012/12/9 | Accepted: 2013/04/29 | Published: 2018/08/5
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JafarTabatabaee T, Ahadi H H, Khamesian A. The effect of optimism training on the anxiety and depression of students of psychology at theAzad University of Birjand (2012). Mod Care J. 2013; 10 (1) :34-42
URL: http://moderncare.bums.ac.ir/article-1-197-en.html

Volume 10, Issue 1 (7-2013) Back to browse issues page
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