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:: Volume 9, Number 2 (10-2012) ::
Mod Care J 2012, 9(2): 95-103 Back to browse issues page
A comparative study of depression in gifted and normal students in Birjand city during 2008-2009 school year
H.R Riasi, M Mogharrab, M Salehi Abarqui, E Hassanzadeh Taheri, M.M Hassanzadeh Taheri
Associate Professor Birjand University of Medical Sciences , mmhtahery35@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7406 Views)

  Background and Aim : Depression is one of the common problems in all human societies, and in recent years it has been observed that a large number of adolescents in these communities are suffering from emotional and psychological problems. Surveying of mental health sources shows a completely different perspective on the prevalence of depression in intelligent and normal students. The purpose of the present study was to determine the extent and to compare the prevalence of depression in the two groups of gifted and normal students in Birjand city.

  Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive- analytical study was carried out on 200 boys and girls from normal (N=90) and gifted (N=110) high schools in the school year 2008 in Birjand. 90 gifted and 110 normal students participated in this study. Data collection means was a binary questionnaire the first part of which dealt with demographic characteristics of the subjects, and the second part included the short Beck test, which consists of 13 questions to assess depression symptoms. The gathered data was analyzed by using SPSS software (version 13), descriptive and inferential statistics, c 2 , and Mann-Whitney test at the significant level P<0.05.

  Results : The present study showed that prevalence of depression among gifted students was 61.1% (24.4% mild, 30% moderate and 6.7% severe) and among regular students it was 42.7% (14.5% mild, 21.8% moderate , and 6.4% severe).Thus, prevalence of depression in gifted students was significantly higher than regular students (P=0.05). Comparison between mean of depression in gifted students and regular ones showed that it was significantly higher in the gifted (P=0.04).

  Conclusion : Regarding high prevalence of depression, especially in gifted students and the fact that students make up a large population and they are the main architects of future in our country, it is necessary to carry out new studies on them are necessary to obtain some information to be used in planning by those involved in health care in order to prevent, control, and cure the disease . More extensive studies with respect to this problem are recommended.

Keywords: Depression, Gifted students, Prevalence, Psychological Tests
Full-Text [PDF 187 kb]   (2060 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Descriptive-Analytic |
Received: 2012/11/11 | Accepted: 2012/11/11
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Riasi H, Mogharrab M, Salehi Abarqui M, Hassanzadeh Taheri E, Hassanzadeh Taheri M. A comparative study of depression in gifted and normal students in Birjand city during 2008-2009 school year. Mod Care J. 2012; 9 (2) :95-103
URL: http://moderncare.bums.ac.ir/article-1-149-en.html
Volume 9, Number 2 (10-2012) Back to browse issues page
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