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:: Volume 10, Issue 2 (10-2013) ::
Mod Care J 2013, 10(2): 141-148 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between depression, self-esteem, and academic achievement of students in Birjand, 2013
T Khazaei , GH Sharif-Zadeh , M Akbarnya , M Piri , N. Ghanbarzadeh
Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran , thayebehk@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (14435 Views)

  Background and Aim: It is important to understand the factors that influence academic achievement. Self-esteem plays an important role in mental health, and when low, it has preventive effects on academic performance. The purpose here is to determine the relationship between self-esteem and depression, and academic achievement of high school students in Birjand.

  Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was conducted with a two-stage cluster sampling of 596 high school students in Birjand. They completed Beck depression inventory and Rosenberg self-esteem questionnaire with the reliability coefficients of 0.37 and 0.87 respectively. Total average score (of both semesters) of above 15 was considered as good achievement. The data were analyzed by SPSS Chi-square , Mann-Whitney, and Kruskal-Wallis statistical tests and Spearman correlation coefficient at α=0.05.

  Results: The sample included 596 students with the average age of 16.1 ± 1.1, of whom 284 were girls (%47.7) and 312 (%52.3) were boys. Depression scores mean of students was 16.7 ± 8.1 and that of their self-esteem 7/4 ± 1/2. Among the students, %61.2 had scores of 15 and above. Depression and self-esteem had significant differences in terms of academic achievement, but they were not significantly different in terms of age and their parents' job and education.

  Conclusion: High self-esteem has a protective role against depression and leads to improved academic performance.

Keywords: Depression, Self-esteem, High school students, Academic achievement
Full-Text [PDF 449 kb]   (2487 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Descriptive-Analytic | Subject: Nursery
Received: 2013/01/28 | Accepted: 2013/10/15 | Published: 2014/01/18
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Khazaei T, Sharif-Zadeh G, Akbarnya M, Piri M, Ghanbarzadeh N. Relationship between depression, self-esteem, and academic achievement of students in Birjand, 2013. Mod Care J. 2013; 10 (2) :141-148
URL: http://moderncare.bums.ac.ir/article-1-269-en.html

Volume 10, Issue 2 (10-2013) Back to browse issues page
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