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:: Volume 10, Number 2 (10-2013) ::
Mod Care J 2013, 10(2): 124-131 Back to browse issues page
Foot care in depressed and non-depressed diabetic patients
Reza Ghane'i , Feizollah Golkar, edalat Aminpoor
MSc Kurdistan University of Medical Sceinces , rezaghanei30@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4365 Views)

  Background and Aim: Depression is common among type II diabetic patients that reduces the desire , motivation, and ability to perform self-care behaviors , including the care of the feet . The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between depressions and self-care performance in patients with type II diabetes .

  Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytic study, 200 patients with type 2 diabetes visiting Saqqez diabetes unit in the fall of 2012 were evaluated. Harvard depression screening (HANDS) and foot-care questionnaires were used to collect data. Content validity was used to assess the validity of both questionnaires. In addition, the reliabilities of the depression and foot-care questionnaires were found 0.78 and 0.72 respectively by calculating Cronbach's Alpha coefficient. The data were analyzed by SPSS (version 16) using descriptive statistical tests, Chi-Square, and independent t-test. P≤0.05 was considered statistically significant.

  Results: From among the diabetic patients, 60 (30%) were depressed, and 90 (45%) had good foot care. Daily washing of the feet (p<0.0001) , examining the feet (p<0.001) , examining shoe insides (p=0.04) , monitoring blood glucose (p=0.04), and wearing shoes in the bathroom (p=0.03) were significantly more in non-depressed diabetic patients than in the depressed ones.

  Conclusion: Depressed diabetic patients have a poor foot-care performance. Therefore, it is necessary to give them foot-care education to improve their self-care behaviors.

Keywords: Diabetes; Depression; Foot Care
Full-Text [PDF 444 kb]   (1034 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Descriptive-Analytic | Subject: Nursery
Received: 2012/12/10 | Accepted: 2013/06/9 | Published: 2014/01/18
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Ghane'i R, Golkar F, Aminpoor E. Foot care in depressed and non-depressed diabetic patients. Mod Care J. 2013; 10 (2) :124-131
URL: http://moderncare.bums.ac.ir/article-1-202-en.html
Volume 10, Number 2 (10-2013) Back to browse issues page
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